" To succeed, you must have tremendous perseverance, tremendous will. “I will drink the ocean”, says the persevering soul; “at my will mountains will crumble up”. Have that sort of energy, that sort of will; work hard, and you will reach the goal."
"First of all, our young men must be strong. Religion will come afterwards. Be strong, my young friends; that is my advice to you. You will be nearer to Heaven through football than through study of Gita. "
Swami Vivekananda is one of the Greatest persons ever born in India .He was born in Calcutta on 12 Jan 1863 A.D ( Today 12 Jan is celebrated in India as National Youth Day ) . His original name was Narendra Nath Datta. During his childhood on many occasions he automatically gone in to Deep Meditation and have great fascination for ascetics ,monks and Mystics .
Narendra had varied interests and a wide range of scholarship in philosophy, religion, history, the social sciences, arts, literature, and other subjects .
When he went to Presidency college , calcutta he studied the writings of David Hume,Kant,Johann Gottlieb Fichte , Spinoza,Hegel , Schopenhauer,Comte,Spencer,Mill and Darwin .
He also attached to many social and religious reform organization like Brahmo Samaj .
But all of these philosophy did not satisfy him.
One of Basic question he always asked to every prominent person "Have you seen God ?"
Nobody replied a satisfactory answer ...expect The one only ....Ramakrishna of Dakshinerwar !
He asked the same question to Ramakrishna ...He replied " Yes ! Because I see Him just as I see you here, only in a much intenser sense "..after this incident Vivekananda regularly came to see and hear Ramakrishna and the beautiful story of Teacher and disciple Begin.
After the Death of Ramakrishna Vivekananda start spreading spiritual education of Ramakrishna all over the India . He started his endless journey in all over India from North India to Great Himalaya ,Western India to South India . He Meditated in the Last Bit Rock of India at Kanyakumari ( Today called as Vivekananda Rock ).
Narendra got new name given by the Maharaja of Khetri Ajit Singh ,before his departure to Parliament of Religions at Chicago,U.S.A in 1893 A.D.
On the Way he visited Japan ....And said
Only I want that numbers of our young men should pay a visit to Japan every year. Especially to the Japanese, India is still the dreamland of everything high and good. And you, what are you? ... talking twaddle all your lives, vain talkers, what are you? Come, see these people, and then go and hide your faces in shame. The world has never seen such a patriotic and artistic race as the Japanese ! "
"The faith of the Japanese in themselves, and their love for their country. When you have men who are ready to sacrifice their everything for their country, sincere to the backbone — when such men arise, India will become great in every respect. It is the men that make the country! What is there in the country? If you catch the social morality and the political morality of the Japanese, you will be as great as they are. The Japanese are ready to sacrifice everything for their country, and they have become a great people. But you are not; you cannot be, you sacrifice everything only for your own families and possessions."
Vivekananda reached Chicago in July 1893 A.D .He represented India and Vedanta in Parliament of the World's Religions , at Chicago.He Begin is Speech with ," Sisters and Brothers of America !"
He greeted the youngest of the nations in the name of "the most ancient order of monks in the world, the Vedic order of sannyasins, a religion which has taught the world both tolerance and universal acceptance.
And he quoted two illustrative passages in this relation, from the Bhagavad Gita—"As the different streams having their sources in different places all mingle their water in the sea, so, O Lord, the different paths which men take, through different tendencies, various though they appear, crooked or straight, all lead to Thee!" and "Whosoever comes to Me, through whatsoever form, I reach him; all men are struggling through paths that in the end lead to Me.
Vivekananda Spent nearly two years in visiting various parts of U.S.A .and expressing teachings on Vedanta.
Many scholars like Josephine MacLeod, Miss Müller, Miss Noble, E.T. Sturdy, Captain and Mrs. Sevier—who played an important role in the founding of Advaita Ashrama and J.J. Goodwin—who recorded his teachings and lectures.
After coming back to India , he established Ramakrishna Mission in 1897 A.D.He also visited West in 1899 A.D .
But due to his frequent tours , private discussion and engagements had taken away his health. He was suffering from Asthma , diabetes and insomnia .
He was well aware of his end , therefore he worked very hard in his last days .
Vivekananda died at ten minutes past nine p.m. on 4 July 1902 while he was in very Deep Meditation ....Nirbeej Samadhi ...the Last stage of Meditation . According to his disciples, Brahmarandhra — the aperture in the crown of the head — must have been pierced when he attained Mahasamadhi. Vivekananda had fulfilled his own prophecy of not living to be forty years old. He was cremated on the bank of Sacred river Ganges ...On the other Bank of this river his Teacher Ramakrishna had been cremated 16 years before...!
His Teaching are still illuminating million of the Souls today and in future also !